Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury and Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge University. The portrait shows him after King Henry’s death in 1547. It was then he grew the beard which — among continental divines — symbolized their rejection of Catholicism. Thereafter Cranmer’s reshaping of the English church became much more extreme; nonetheless he could easily have exchanged wardrobes with the staunch Catholic John Fisher — had he still been alive. Cranmer would himself be executed, in 1556 under Queen Mary, for treason and heresy.